Tag Archives: immigration stats

US v Australia Immigration: Green Cards & Permanent Residency

It is no surprise to regular readers that we have harped on in recent months in light of the US Immigration Reform bill now which has passed the Senate (albeit stalled in the House of Representatives) about the ills of the Immigration system, the state of Immigration today, general statistical trends as well as comparisons to other countries and how much this is hurting the US economy at large.

Well we recently came across a great infographic comparing US and Australian immigration and the access to Permanent Residency that crystalizes simply the problem that exists today. Both countries are modern western countries with high standards of living, high level GDP per capita and huge diversity in the populace due to the founding and growth of the respective countries fueled by global immigration.

However there are a couple of major differences. While proportionally Australia has a higher foreign born and immigrant population it is only a nation of 23 million vs. 315 million in the US. Despite that the amount of Permanent Residency approvals (often called Green Cards in the US) for employment based or skilled based reasons is almost the same annually. Australia has about 129,000 vs. the US having 140,000.

US v Australia Immigration Permanent Residency










(courtesy Tatiana GalzyFi2W is featuring stories by students in the Feet in 2 Worlds journalism course at The New School)

The major reason for this disparity is the fact Australia issues 40% of all Permanent Residents for skilled employment reasons thus having a net positive to the economy. However the US only issues 7% of all Green Cards for the same group and only 4.3% are the cream of the crop high skilled or vastly experienced professionals.

Why is this a problem?

Well to keep with the simplicity of the article, we present a last image to leave you with. If the Top 500 Immigrant founded US companies (an Immigrant Fortune 500 if you will) were an economy unto themselves, they would be the 9th largest economy in the world. And that is only from direct economic benefit not counting indirect benefit such as the flow on effect to other industries and companies as well as what their combined 3.6 million employees further do with their salaries. To put that into perspective that is bigger than the economies of Russia or Canada as a whole at 1.7 Trillion USD.














(courtesy Tatiana Galzy)

So the next time someone has an argument with you about US Immigration policy and wanting it to be more conservative and your reasoned verbal and written arguments don’t work, it may be these 2 simple charts that paint the best and clearest picture.


The State of US Immigration 2013

Recently we did an article about “Why we need US Immigration Reform in 11 Charts” which eloquently talked about what we had identified as the 13 broken areas of US Immigration that needed to be fixed for true US Immigration reform and which was to a decent degree addressed at least in the initial version of the US Immigration Bill submitted to the US Senate in April 2013.

In those 11 charts we talked about how;

– Each month foreigners start more businesses than US born Citizens
– Foreigners earn patents for their work at 3x rate of US born Citizens
– Immigrants contribute far more in taxes than they receive in benefits
– US only issues 13% of all visas to Skilled Immigrants which is even lower than 20 years ago

Since then luminaries such as Bill Gates, Vivek Wadhwa, Mark Zuckerberg via his Fwd.us SuperPAC and led by the Obama White House have pressed the need for Immigration reform for the US Economy at large. The latest entrant to this list, albeit a constant advocate for US Immigration reform is Mary Meeker.

Mary Meeker came to fame in her Morgan Stanley days in the 90s backing many of the Internet heavyweights we take for granted today. Later on in her time there and now in her current role as a partner and head of a large fund at Silicon Valley Venture Capital giant, Kleiner Perkins Caulfield Byers (KPCB) she is covered extensively in the media because of her annual State of the Internet reports which she releases with colleague, Liang Wu and can be dowloaded here. In her latest State of the Internet 2013 report she actually devoted a portion of it to the need for Immigration reform and how it is hurting US technology and economic prospects today and into the future. Then separately for the first time she devoted a separate presentation to “Immigration in America & The Growing Shortage of High-Skilled Workers“. It is actually something we also talked about way back in 2009 with US Immigration & Education Policy and according to Meeker and Wu’s latest research the problem is only accelerating.

One quote they include is a famous one from President Ronald Reagan in 1988;

“You can go to live in France, but you cannot become a Frenchman. You can go to live in Germany or Turkey or Japan, but you cannot become a German, a Turk, or a Japanese. But anyone, from any corner of the Earth, can come to live in America and become an American.”

Now the world has changed a lot in the last 25 years since this was made and become increasing more global and there is probably a couple of other countries in addition to the US that you could include in this list, namely Canada, New Zealand and Australia where any immigrant can become a local. However the statement is very true when it comes to the essence of the US and she uses that as a sad state of affairs today with US Immigration policy being more akin to the other countries of the world who are more hostile to immigrants ever being anything more than visitors our outsiders no matter how they may live in a given country.

The chart below shows US Immigration as a snapshot in 2010 to highlight the false rhetoric and the total missing of the point not to mention factual errors in most US Immigration debates. As can be seen only 1% of total US population is High Skilled Immigrants and that is only 10% of the total 40M Immigrants currently in the US. Therefore all the debate about skilled immigrants taking US jobs and too many visas is completely false and in two of our most recent posts covering Green Card Salaries and Foreign Immigrant Salaries we also show that for the most part these immigrants are commanding salaries commensurate with being highly educated and thus paying a lot of taxes.









The other two visuals we wanted to highlight from their excellent analysis come from who actually has founded the great American companies and just how much wealth and jobs that has meant directly (not including indirect jobs) for the US Economy.


















In short 4.5 Trillion dollars or 30% of total US GDP is the result of immigrants and to put that in perspective that is about the equivalent of the entire GDP of Latin America, Japan or India today. In fact according to the 2011 “New American” study in 2011 cited in the report, 7 of the 10 most recognized and valuable global brands were founded by 1st or 2nd generation immigrants to the US. This includes; GE, AT&T, IBM, Google, Marlboro, Apple and McDonalds.

Ultimately I hope this report educates you personally and your discussions with your social circles and ultimates helps influence the way you assess all levels of elected officials when they are truly talking about the future innovation and prosperity of America.